While the United States& 39; gold rush days officially ended in the 1800s, for many people the dream of staking a claim and striking it rich continues to this day. The federal government has lands in
Tunnel Sites - A tunnel site is a subsurface right-of-way under Federal land open to mineral entry. It is used for access to lode mining claims or to explore for blind or undiscovered veins, lodes, or ledges not currently claimed or known to exist on the surface. A tunnel site can be up to 3,000 feet in length. Lo ing a Mining Claim · Staking a Claim · Mining Claim Fees · Recording a Mining Claim Or Site ·
There are Federally-administered lands in 19 states where you may lo e a mining claim or site. These states are Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Florida, Idaho, Louisiana, Mississippi, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Mexico, North Dakota, Oregon, South Dakota, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
Generally speaking, the vast majority of the 640 million acres of federal land is open to prospecting. Nothing is stopping you from venturing out and exploring. Load up a backpack with a gold pan and a sluice box and start hunting There are exceptions though.
Federal law governing lo able minerals. This law allows citizens of the United States the opportunity to explore for, discover, and purchase certain valuable mineral deposits on those Federal lands that are open for mining claim lo ion and patent open to mineral entry .
Mining Claims . Mining claims are probably one of the most misunderstood and important aspects of gold prospecting. In the United States, a mining claim gives the claim holder exclusive rights to the minerals on a predetermined tract of land, assuming they have properly staked, claimed, and maintained the claim by paying their required fees.
Gold Prospecting on Public Lands BLM and Forest Service There are millions of acres of public lands, managed by the federal government, that are open to prospecting without a mining claim. Most of this land is managed by either the U.S. Forest Service or the Bureau of Land Management. This land is owned by the citizens of the United States.
Staking a Claim. Federal law specifies that claim boundaries must be distinctly and clearly marked to be readily identifiable. Most states have statutes and regulations concerning the actual staking and recording of mining claims so claimants should refer to the appropriate state agency for additional requirements before lo ing a claim.
The federal law governing lo able minerals is the Mining Law of 1872 May 10, 1872 , which declared all valuable mineral deposits in land belonging to the United States to be free and open to exploration and purchase.