South Africa produces in excess of 255 million tonnes of coal 2011 estimate and consumes almost three quarters of that domestically. As of 2018, South Africa was the seventh largest producer and consumer of coal in the world. This large industry, means that as of 2015 about 80,000 workers, or .5% of total employment, was from the coal industry, down from a peak in 1981 of 135,000 workers. Economic impact · South Africa is one of the seven largest coal-producing and one of the top five coal-exporting countries in the world. More than a quarter of coal mined in… Mining · The five largest coal mining companies account for around 85% of all production. They are Anglo American plc, South32& 39;s South Africa Energy Coal, Sasol… Coal consumption · Electricity generation accounts for 43% of all coal consumed in South Africa. Many of the country& 39;s coal-fired power station are lo ed in close proximity… Environmental impact · Environmentalists in South Africa and abroad have criticized the decision of the World Bank& 39;s approval for a $3.75 billion loan to build the world’s…
South Africa’s coal green fields are mostly lo ed in the Waterberg basin, which is reported to be the future of coal mining in the country. Some of the exploration projects recently conducted in this region includes the Waterberg Coal Joint project conducted by Sekoko Resources.
South Africa holds 35,053 million tons MMst of proven coal reserves as of 2016, ranking 8th in the world and accounting for about 3% of the world& 39;s total coal reserves of 1,139,471 million tons MMst . South Africa has proven reserves equivalent to 173.3 times its annual consumption.
South Africa’s coal resources are contained in the Ecca deposits, a stratum of the Karoo Supergroup, and date from the Permian period between 280 and 250 Ma. In general terms, they are largely lo ed in the north-eastern quarter of the country.
South Africa’s power generation is currently dominated by coal, which accounts for more than 80% of output and makes the country one of the top-20 emitters of carbon dioxide worldwide. By 2030,
COAL RESOURCES OF SOUTH AFRICA AND THEIR UNIQUE QUALITIES CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES IN USING HIGH ASH, LOW GRADE COALS IN MODERN POWER GENERATING PLANTS IN SOUTHERN AFRICA 1 Rosemary M S Falcon IPP March 2016 IPP 2016. CONTENTS 1. Introduction 2. Coal resources in Southern Africa 3. The challenges in South African coals
The department of mineral resources says South Africa has coal reserves of 66.7 billion tons, though geologist Chris Hartnady’s paper on South Africa’s diminishing coal reserves warned of problems.
Approximately 27% of all saleable coal produced in South Africa is exported to energy providers, cement, and metallurgical plants in mainly Europe, South America, China, and India. Eskom consumes 46% of saleable low- grade coal production for electricity supply to the national and international grid.